Skinfo Skincare Boutique

Skintionary: Skincare Ingredients

Ingredients Glossary - Your guide to the most common ingredients found in your favorite products.

Aloe Vera – Promotes wound healing, is an anti-irritant and has antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties.

Allantoin – Extracted from the Comfrey plant (a perennial herb native to Europe) and is an anti-irritant with soothing properties.

Arbutin – A similar skin lightener to hydroquinone, but without the side effects.

Avobenzone – Synthetic sunscreen ingredient that can protect your skin from the entire range of UVA rays.

Azelaic Acid – Recommended widely for the treatment of acne treatment because of the anti-inflammatory properties. Also acts as a brightener.

Benzoyl Peroxide – Penetrates the pore to reach the bacteria, effectively killing acne causing bacteria with oxygen. Has a low risk of irritation.

Bisabolol – Can be extracted from chamomile. Is an anti-irritant and skin soothing.

Caffeine – Promotes circulation and has a constricting effect on the skin which can reduce redness.

Coenzyme Q10 – Responsible for cell protection, stimulates collagen, and reduces UV damage.

Coffee Berry – Potent antioxidant that protects skin from stress, inflammation, and environmental damage.

Dead Sea Salt – Attracts and holds moisture, which strengthens the skins barrier function.

Dimethicone – Used as a smoothing/filler agent in cosmetics, hair and skin care.

Ergothioneine – Derived from mushrooms and is an antioxidant/anti-inflammatory.

Glycerin – Humectant that readily absorbs water from other sources. Attracts water from the dermis and pulls it to the surface.

Glycolic Acid – An AHA derived from sugar cane. Works by breaking down the bond between dead skin cells. Long term use diminishes wrinkles, lines, pigmentation and scarring from acne and evens general skin tone and texture.

Green Tea Extract – Anti-inflammatory, antioxidant to fight free radical damage. Ideal for rosacea or inflamed acne. Comparable to 1 cup of green tea.

Green Tea Polyphenols – Anti-inflammatory, antioxidant to fight free radical damage. Ideal for rosacea or inflamed acne. Comparable to 400 cups of green tea.

Growth Factors – Stimulates collagen and skin cell productions to speed wound healing for surgical scars, acne scars, and fine lines/wrinkles.

Hyaluronic Acid – A skin identical ingredient, meaning it occurs naturally in your skin. Maintains moisture and prevents moisture loss.

Jojoba Seed Oil – Easily absorbed by the skin and is beneficial in treating irritated and inflamed skin conditions.

Kinetin/ Furfuryladenine – A “natural” skin care ingredient, also known as N6-furfuryladenine. Its main purpose is to reduce signs of aging, improve sun damage, reduce surface capillaries.

Kojic Acid – An all natural compound derived from fungi. Stops the production of melanin also works on healthy skin as a preventative treatment.

Magneisum - Useful in soothing and healing damaged skin. All magnesium products are anti-allergens that help to protect skin from the rashes caused by allergies. Magnesium can also pass through to the lower layers of skin and heal the damaged skin cells there. Magnesium Chloride can penetrate the skin for a soothing effect on the nervous system. This effect helps to relax muscles and reduce aches. You can also alleviate rough, calloused and irritated skin by soaking in Epsom salts.

Niacinamide – Also known as Vitamin B3. Increases ceramide content and free fatty acid levels in skin, prevents moisture loss. It is able to treat an uneven skin tone and the red marks acne leaves behind.

Octinoxate – Absorbs UVB rays.

Octocrylene – Absorbs UVB rays.

Octyl Methoxycinnamate – Absorbs UVB rays. Not UVA rays.

Oxybenzone – Absorbs UVB rays, some UVA rays.

Peptides – Protein responsible for keeping the firmness of skin in tact.

Resveratrol – A plant derived substance that maintains moisture in the skin, reduces inflammation in blood vessels, improves blood vessel function.

Retinoids – The umbrella name that encompasses all forms, retinol, retinoic acid, retinyl palmitate, retinol aldehyde and many others are a derivative of Vitamin A. easily absorbed by the skin cells and helps to prevent the onset of wrinkles, dark spots and other signs of aging by regulating cell production. Must be converted into a retinoic acid before the skin will absorb it.

Salicylic Acid – A Beta Hydroxy Acid, or BHA, that can exfoliate inside the pore as well as the surface of the skin. Effective for white heads, blackheads and blemishes.

Thyme Extract – Antiseptic (treats/prevents bacteria/viruses), Antibacterial(treats existing bacteria) and an Antioxidant.

Titanium Dioxide – UVA/UVB absorber, great for sensitive and or rosacea skin types. Can be used around the eyes because it is purified.

Urea – In small amounts it is water binding and exfoliating. In larger amounts it can cause inflammation.

Vitamin A - Thickens and stimulates the Dermis, where your collagen, elastin and blood vessels are – so it reduces wrinkles and increases blood flow to the surface of the skin to reduce rosacea and increase wound healing. Vitamin A actually increases the deposition of collagen and slows the breakdown of your collagen and elastin from normal aging.

Exfoliates – Makes skin smooth and even toned. Optimizes your UV protection and decreases clustering of melanin granules, which reduces brown spots or pigmentation. Slows sebum production and treats acne.

Vitamin C - Most stable and effective are: ascorbic acid, L-ascorbic acid, ascorbyl palmitate, sodium ascorbyl phosphate, retinyl ascorbate, tetrahexyldecyl ascorbate, and magnesium ascorbyl phosphate. The purpose is to protect skin cells and skin's support structure from UV-related damage, improve the appearance of sun-damaged skin, strengthen skin's barrier response, reduce inflammation, promote collagen production, enhance effectiveness of peels and microdermabrasion, lessen hyperpigmentation (at levels of 3% or greater) and boost the efficacy of sunscreen actives.

Vitamin E - Protects the epidermis from early stages of ultraviolet light damage increasing the efficacy of active sunscreen ingredients. Reduces the formation of free radicals upon skin exposure to UVA rays and other sources of skin stress. Prevents the peroxidation of fats, a leading source of cell membrane damage in the body. Reduces transepidermal water loss from skin and strengthens the skin's barrier function. Protects the skin barrier's oil (lipid) balance during the cleansing process. Reduces the severity of sunburn.

Vitamin K - Diminishes vascular conditions that emerge as skin imperfections such as dark circles under the eyes, redness from rosacea, and broken capillaries.

White Tea Extract - White and green tea have nearly identical antioxidant activity.

Zeatin - It is a member of the plant growth factor family known as cytokinins Zinc Oxide - no risk of skin irritation. It can also be an anti-irritant and potentially an antioxidant stable in sunlight and can provide greater protection from UVA rays.

UVA Rays - Accounts for up to 95 percent of the UV radiation reaching the Earth's surface. Although they are less intense than UVB, UVA rays are 30 to 50 times more prevalent. They are present with relatively equal intensity during all daylight hours throughout the year, and can penetrate clouds and glass. Contributes to and may even initiate the development of skin cancers. UVA is the dominant tanning ray, and we now know that tanning, whether outdoors or in a salon, causes cumulative damage over time. A tan results from injury to the skin's DNA; the skin darkens in an imperfect attempt to prevent further DNA damage. These imperfections, or mutations, can lead to skin cancer.

UVB Rays - The chief cause of skin reddening and sunburn, tends to damage the skin's more superficial epidermal layers.  UVB rays play a key role in the development of skin cancer and a contributory role in tanning and photoaging.  Their intensity vary by season, location, and time of day. The most significant amount of UVB rays hit the U.S. between 10 AM and 4 PM from April to October. However, UVB rays can burn and damage your skin year-round, especially at high altitudes and on reflective surfaces such as snow or ice, which bounce back up to 80 percent of the rays so that they hit the skin twice. UVB rays do not significantly penetrate glass.

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